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Chords Leve l 2
Bandwa gon Mu s i c S t ud i o s
5
ALPHABET
The alphabet of music is the first seven letters
of the English alphabet i.e. A, B, C, D, E, F, and
G.
To name all the notes or chords on any
instrument the alphabet is repeated over and
over. This means that the note or chord after
G is A, and we continue on from there.
The distance between each note of the
alphabet is shown in the table below. Two terms
you will have to know are –
1. semitone which is the smallest distance
between two notes. Notes that are a semitone
apart are right beside each other with nothing
in between. On the guitar this is one fret. On
the piano this is one key.
2. tone which is two semitones. On the guitar
this would be two frets.
Notice that only B-C and E-F are a semitone
apart. You can remember this by saying Big
Cats Eat Fast.
S = semitone = 1 fret.
T = tone = 2 frets.
A
T
B
S
C
T
D
T
E
S
F
T
G
T
A
Here is an example of the alphabet on the piano.
Notice that B – C and E – F are only 1 key apart. They don’t have a black key in between. These notes
are a semitone apart.
All the other notes have a black key in between. These notes are a tone apart.
A B C D E F G A