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Ba s s L ev e l 1
48
Ban dwa g on Mu s i c S t ud i o s
MAJOR SCALE
We will start our study of scales by studying the
major scale. It is considered to be the most basic
of all scales in music. It is the scale which has
the sound of Do Re Me Fa So La Te Do. So in
the major scale keys there are eight single notes
and eight chords.
Like all scales the major scale can be started on
any note of the alphabet e.g. the A major scale, B
major scale or G major scale BUT each time the
single notes and chords of the scale will sound
exactly the same - Do Re Me Fa So La Te Do. The
only difference will be that different keys will
sound higher or lower than others.
The eight notes / chords of the major scale can
be described these ways
Major Scale
Sol Fa
Do
Re
Me
Fa
So
La
Te
Do
Numbers
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Numbers
Roman
I
ii
iii
IV
V
vi
vii
VIII
Technical
Names
Tonic
Super
Tonic
Mediant
Sub
Dominant
Dominant
Sub
Mediant
Leading
Note
Tonic
Chords
Major
Minor
Minor
Major
Major
7th
Minor
Minor b5
Major
Note
(In C)
C
D
E
F
G
A
B
C
Lets learn the major scale and its jumps. No
matter what key you are in these jumps will
always be the same. The major scale always
sounds like the major scale no matter what key
because the distance between the notes is always
the same.
S = semitone = 1 fret.
T = tone = 2 frets.
1
T
2
T
3 S 4
T
5
T
6
T
7 S 8
C
T
D
T
E S F
T
G
T
A
T
B S C
Notice there are two halves with the same
distances. Notes 1 to 4 have the same jumps as
notes 5 to 8 (the jumps are T T S). The two
halves are joined by a tone. Also the only
semitone jumps are between 3 – 4 and
7 – 8. These semitone jumps are both at
the end
of each half.