Page 16 - bass

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Ba s s L ev e l 1
12
Ban dwa g on Mu s i c S t ud i o s
ALPHABET
The alphabet of music is the first seven letters
of the English alphabet i.e. A, B, C, D, E, F, and
G.
To name all the notes on any instrument the
alphabet is repeated over and over. This means
that the note after G is A and we continue on
from there.
The distance between each note of the
alphabet is shown in the table below. Two terms
you will have to know are –
1. Semitone. This is the smallest distance between
two notes. Notes that are a semitone apart are
right beside each other with nothing in between.
On the guitar this is one fret. On the piano this is
one key.
2. Tone. This is two semitones. On the guitar this
would be two frets.
Notice that only B-C and E-F are a semitone apart.
You can remember this by saying Big Cats Eat Fast.
S = semitone = 1 fret.
T = tone = 2 frets.
A
T
B
S
C
T
D
T
E
S
F
T
G
T
A
Here is an example of the alphabet on the piano.
Notice that B – C and E – F are only 1 key apart.
They don’t have a black key in between. These
notes are a semitone apart.
All the other notes have a black key in between.
These notes are a tone apart.
A B C D E F G A